The Hundred Years war finally ended. It was the start of another era, that of
The meeting of the Field of the Cloth of gold marked the end of the Middle ages
as much that the entry of the modern era.
This event had to seal, in theory, the military alliance between England and
France. It was a failure. Lasting three weeks, the two monarchies, François I and Henri VIII, vied with riches and ceremonies.
After the exploratory meetings, where the special messengers of the two kingdoms
agreed the protocols of the ceremonies (but also of a possible marriage between
the daughter of Henri VIII, Marie, then aged of four, and the
dauphin of France aged three!), the two kings met for the first time on June
7 1520, from which followed feasts, tournaments and dinners
uniting the equals of the two kingdoms. Decorated with their most beautiful
attire, François I and Henry VIII themselves had a cordial friendship.
The banquets followed the jousts, there was a Mass which the two sovereigns
attended side by side scrupulously to the sound of the religious songs,
distributed equally between French songs and English songs. It was a real City organized between the two border cities of Ardres,
the French, and Guînes, the English, where tents, covered by
materials embroidered with gold, appeared to the spectator a
vast "field of gold", that history kept under the name of "The field
of the cloth of gold".
The King of France had installed his royal tent of gold
sheet close to the swamps of André, Henry VIII had made
built the palace of Crystal, an original building of wood and glass of the colours
of the Tudors, the "palace of crystal", a hundred metres long and
forty metres high was the highest
known " tower.
The interior tapestry of blue velvet, sprinkled with gold lily and the
outside decorated with curled gold sheet.
The feasts were imposing: jousts and
tests of archery organized to distract and to bring closer the two monarchies.
The French-English understanding passed only as an illusion!
Henry VIII had hoped that they could make an alliance
against the Spanish.
Henri VIII left on 18 July,
having conceded with France this so much hoped alliance. Before
his departure, he met the emperor of Austria Charles Quint
who succeeded in ensuring the support of England in the continental conflicts to come. The hostilities between the three protagonists began
in 1522. An
English army started at Calais. The first French city that was besieged was Ardres.
Kingdom of France will be surrounded henceforth with enemies," François I
Anne Boleyn became pregnant with Elizabeth I when on a trip to Calais with Henry
VIII in December of 1532.